by Jon (Updated on 2016-12-06)
As we described in the Scene Basics section, scenes control a game’s flow and can be thought of as various states in a game that you transition between, like a story.
- How To: Changing Scenes
- Example: Enter Door, Switch Scene
- Example: Level Selector
How To: Changing Scenes
Changing a scene involves 3 parts.
- What scene you want to go to next (or reload the same scene)
- The exit transition
- The entry transition
Use the following blocks (under Scene > Game Flow) to perform a scene change.
If it isn't apparent, a reload will "switch" to the current scene.
Don't perform 0 second transitions. Instead, go with a low number such as 0.01, for stability.
- You cannot perform multiple scene changes at the same time. Once a scene change is in progress, it must reach completion before another scene change is initiated. Any new requests for scene changes will be ignored.
Transitions are visual effects that are applied during a scene change. You can select different transitions for the "out" and the "in" portion of a change.
Stencyl supports these transition types.
Example: Enter Door, Switch Scene
In this simple example, we’ll make the hero enter the cave once he steps into the cave’s door, represented by a Region.
I opted to use a “Actor Type Enters Region” event and placed a Region over the door to detect entry.
Example: Level Selector
Building a Level Select screen is common to many games. Here’s a simple and elegant way to make one.
To pull this off, I’ll use the “get scene with name” block (Scene > World). This block returns a scene, given a name.
Now, I can drag this block into our regular scene switch block. (If you didn't know you could do that, now you know.)
Our goal is to make a simple behavior that we can reuse. To pull off a clean Level Select, our scenes have to have a predictable naming scheme. How about we just give each level a number as a name, starting from 1?
If we do that, we can then pass a Number Attribute into the “get scene with name” block, and it will magically switch to the scene with that “name”
The Implementation: Creating the Buttons
Putting this all together, here’s a behavior that creates 5 Level Select buttons in a row, spaced apart by 100 pixels.
Exercise: You should extend this, so that it wraps over and starts a new line upon hitting the 6th button)
Note: The "for Last Created Actor, set ..." block is a special block that sets the value of a different Behavior's attribute. In this case, we're telling the block what Scene it's associated with, otherwise it wouldn't know which Scene to switch to and what to draw. We cover the concept of setting attribute values of other behaviors in Chapter 5.
The Implementation: The Buttons' Logic
Each Level Select button contains 2 Events and a single Number Attribute (called “SceneNumber” that tells the button what scene it should represent in the Level Select.
1) One event that draws the button.
2) One event that switches the scene when the button is pressed.
- Scenes are the states in a game.
- Changing scenes involves an exit transition and entry transition.
- You can only perform one scene change at a time.
Challenge: Actor’s Position in “Next” Scene
In Zelda, when Link walks off the edge of a room, he naturally appears at the “right” spot in the next room.
For example, if he steps off the right side of a room, he will usually appear at the left side of the next room.
This turns out to be a challenge because you need to reposition your hero, based on where he came from before. Fortunately, there’s a block that can help you out (Scene > Game Flow).
Use this block to implement a generic, reliable system for placing an actor at the “right” spot, much like the Zelda game does.Print Article Edit Article How to Edit an Article
I'm going to attempt to make locked levels, through quite a few "if" blocks. I'm just wondering if there's an easier way than "if LEVELCOMPLETE = true, level animation = unlocked" and so on..?
I actually want to add a Level Select scene where the future scenes are locked untill you beat the scene before it...Tips?
This is really helpful so far, thank you for sharing! I noticed an error in the challenge section though, the 'Get scene with name' block is said to be in Scene > Game Flow, when it is actually in Scene > World. At least it is in my version of Stencyl. Thought I'd point it out just in case.
I thought the "SceneNumber" was a game Attribute but it was just an Attribute! So now I completely understand them now.
Well done Ceric!!