23,601

Views

Intermediate

Level

7

Comments

Continuous Collision Detection (CCD)

by captaincomic (Updated on 2014-09-03)


Contents

  • What is Continuous Collision Detection (CCD)?
  • How do you turn CCD on?
  • When should I turn CCD on?

 

What is Continuous Collision Detection?

The physics engine in Stencyl (Box2D) handles collisions between objects, which prevents your characters from walking through walls.

In some cases, however, fast-moving actors, such as bullets or falling objects, can pass right through a wall or floor. That's where CCD comes in.

In the physics engine, collisions are detected every step at the point where the object moves to. If the object moves into another object or a tile (as illustrated by the purple area in the image), then the physics engine pushes it back to where the collision happened initially.

Succesful-collision-detection

You never actually see what happens in the middle image, but that is what is happening behind the scenes. On the other hand, if you have a ball that is moving really quickly towards a platform, then it's possible that the two objects never actually intersect and the engine doesn't detect the collision. When this happens, the ball will pass right through. This is called tunnelling.

collision-detection-tunnelling-example

The way physics engines generally solve this problem is to allow for what is called Continuous Collision Detection (CCD).

What this means is that when an object moves during a step, it actually checks all the positions between where it started and where it ended up. If the engine detects any objects in this path, then the engine detects a collision. This is shown in the next image, where the purple area is the object's path.

Continuous-collision-detection

As you can imagine, checking that entire area is more processor intensive than checking a single spot every step. This is why Continuous Collision detection is off by default and should only be turned on if needed. Leaving it on if you really don't need it, especially with large numbers of objects, will slow your game down.

 

How do I turn it on?

Two methods let you turn CCD on.

 

1) Use the Actor Physics Setting

Located under the Physics > Advanced page for an Actor.

stencyl-enable-continuous-collision-detection-button

 

2) Use the Block

The block's located under Actor > Properties > Misc.

stencyl-design-mode-continous-collision-detection-block

 

When should I use it?

As mentioned above, enabling Continuous Collision Detection can strain a game's performance (particularly on mobile), so you should use it sparingly. You should only enable it on fast-moving objects, such as bullets or things that are falling.

If you see objects passing right through walls or floors, and you checked that their collision shapes are in order, then CCD is worth trying.

You can test whether enabling continuous collision detection is necessary by first slowing down your object and seeing whether it collides as you'd expect. If it collides with walls when moving slowly, but not when moving quickly, then you need to enable it.

 

Tips and Tricks

Preventing a Framerate Drop

When you have a large number of Actors on screen that are constantly colliding with one another, or with tiles, your game could experience a framerate drop. The way to resolve this issue is to turn off Continuous Collisions for each Actor Type (on their respective Physics pages) and to add a code block with the code shown below to any movement Behaviors your Actor Types are using.

box2D.dynamics.B2World.m_continuousPhysics = false;

 

Summary

  • Continuous Collision Detection (CCD) prevents cases of small, fast-moving actors from traveling through thin walls.
  • CCD impacts performance. Use only on the actors that need it.

 

Challenge: Replicate the "tunneling" problem

Want to test your complete understanding of CCD?

Create a game that replicates a scenario that requires CCD to solve. Think about the conditions required for "tunneling" to happen.

 

Disclaimer: All articles are geared towards Stencyl 3.0 and above. Use comments to provide feedback and point out issues with the article (typo, wrong info, etc.). If you're seeking help for your game, please ask a question on the forums. Thanks!

7 Comments

smkm
72 master make sure your actor is "normal" in the "general" tab if you still don't want it to be able to be pushed just add a mass 100

0 1 year, 1 month ago
Korayementality
Here's a tip for all of you guys who still have problem with the CCD..(it may help in SOME cases not ALL)

My problem was that I was making a Mario-like game, where at points you had to jump over the baddies to kill them. And there was always a chance that you get killed before you kill the baddie.

The reason for that was cause stencyl detected the baddie as a platform that I was stepping on, so it treats my actor as if it was on the ground and colliding with the baddie normally.

BOTTOM LINE: To solve it, I had to set the collisions on the baddie to "Is Sensor" located in the collisions tab.

This may or may not solve your problem, so go ahead and try it.

0 1 year, 9 months ago
redfoxwaffle
my actors still go through the tiles, i wonder why?
0 1 year, 11 months ago
Leaufai
This is Level: Beginner, even though it's in the Advanced section. Shouldn't it be Intermediate like the other Advanced topics?
0 2 years, 2 months ago
72master
and what do you do if that doesn't work and slowing it down didn't help either and all the collision groups are correctly set. is stencyl just being buggy or what because this is driving me mad
2 2 years, 3 months ago
thekidinboston
YES!! Thank you.
0 2 years, 8 months ago
fulvio
Brilliant, thanks for that tip.
0 3 years, 2 weeks ago

Sign In to Comment